Giving Rights to Nature: The Philosophy of Buen Vivir

People have rights. Corporations have rights. But should a river have rights? A mountain, a lizard, a tree?

The rights of nature concept, which is growing around the world (currently adopted in 17 countries), is said to be a paradigm shift away from seeing nature as an exploitable resource and towards protecting it and respecting it. There are scientific arguments supporting this concept, like the interconnectedness of humans and the natural world (system-based science), as well as indigenous beliefs that seek to restore the relationship between us and our environment. Today we’ll focus on the latter – the South American philosophy of Buen Vivir (or Sumak Kawsay in Quechua), rooted in traditional indigenous views. Buen Vivir has, for instance, influenced the constitution of Ecuador, which now recognizes the inherent rights of nature (Pachamama).

From an environmentalist perspective, this concept sounds promising. But now that it is being applied in various legal systems, what is its impact?

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(Photo by Kim Vermaat) Dorine van Norren is a diplomat, policy maker, researcher, and artist. She wrote her doctoral thesis on various philosophies from around the world and their relationship to the UN’s Sustainable Development Goals, focusing on Ubuntu (South Africa), Buen Vivir (Indigenous peoples of Ecuador), and the Buddhist Gross National Happiness concept of Bhutan.

SG’s GLOBAL PHILOSOPHIES LECTURE SERIES

Who am I? What is a good life? And how do you build a just society? Philosophy asks the big questions in life, but the answers of course are diverse. In the West we look to different thinkers and theories than in the East or the South. What else is there beyond Plato and Nietzsche? Studium Generale will introduce you to a series of different philosophical traditions from China, India, Africa, and the Americas. An acquaintance with other ways of thinking, but also with believing, seeing, and feeling, through philosophy, poetry, theatre, music, and other forms of art.  

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